Sep 23, 2011

The 7 Fighting Principles of Eagle Claw Boxing

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Eagle Claw Boxing or Ying Jow Pai uses the hands like the talons of an eagle to grip, manipulate, lock, crush, throw and strike an opponent. It differs from the Tiger Claw in that tearing and raking is not emphasized. This clip is a good introduction to The 7 Fighting Principles of Eagle Claw Boxing from the school of Grandmaster Leung Shum. For those who can't catch the Cantonese phrases spoken by the demonstrator, the seven principles are:

1. Jow Da, Cum Na
  • Jow Da: Using the fingers to make a claw grab the opponent's hand tightly then punch immediately.  Being able to use short distance power is essential.  Jow da should be practiced all the time so that anytime you claw, a punch will follow as an immediate reaction.
  • Cum Na: Cum na is locking an opponent so that he cannot move.
2. Fun Gun, Chaw Quat
  • Fun Gun:  Eagle claw fingers should be made hard like steel and used like pliers.  When using a claw, the fingertips should be placed over the joint, vein, or pressure point. The finger power should be strong enough to break a vein. Twist and separate the muscles, tendons, and ligaments
  • Chaw Quat:  When using eagle claw locking techniques, the position of the hands and pressure used should be such that they can dislocate and break joints and bones.
3. Dim Yut, Bye Hei
  • Dim Yut: Dim Yut, or Dim Mak, is using a finger jab to strike an opponent in a vital pressure point to cause series harm. Strike pressure points and inflict pain.
  • Bye Hei:  The claw should be strong enough to block the flow of an opponent's blood or chi, or to stop his breathing.  Seize the throat and arteries to stop the breath, blood flow or chi.
4. Cow Wai, Saw Fung
  • Cow Wai:  When an opponent punches, claw and press the arm to either break it or to lock him so he can't move. Use his power to lock him. Lock and break in one action.
  • Saw Fung:  Control an opponent with fast, smooth blocks and "Jow Da" so he can't get in a strike.  Prevent him from using any technique. Lock and control in one action.
5. Sim Jim, Tong Na
  • Sim Jim:  Use twisting body movements together with blocks to avoid being it.  This principle calls for the use of twisting, jumping, and dropping to the floor. Twist, jump or drop away from an attack.
  • Tong Na:  Use jumping movements when fighting such as jump kicks. Incorporate jumping techniques with fighting.
6. Diu Cow, Fing Law
  • Diu Cow:  Control an opponent at all times.  This can be done with the use of smooth blocks and "Jow Da, Cum Na."
  • Fing Law:  Use pushes and pulls to make your opponent lose his balance.  When an opponent punches, block and use soft power to push him away.  You can push and then pull in, or pull in and then push away.
7. Noi Sup, Chung Dit
  • Noi Sup:  When an opponent punches and your block is not fast enough, use the body movements to absorb the blow, such as shifting back.  The waist must be very smooth, moving like a snake.
  • Chung Dit:  Chung dit involves the use of floor techniques and learning to fall softly.  when you are pushed, swept, or thrown, you should be able to land softly so you don't get hurt.
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