Nov 8, 2010

The Ten Elements of Choy Lay Fut

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An indication of a mature martial art is the presence of a rich set of terminology to describe actions, techniques and other elements of the art. This video catalogs the ten hand techniques of Choy Lay Fut. An abstract of the description of each technique from Ng Family Choy Lay Fut:
Kum - Pressing or Slapping Deflection
Similar to a parry in western boxing this element is designed to deflect incoming strikes from various angles. It is also used to pin or immobilize an opponent's limbs from further counter attack.

Na - Shooting Arm Bridge
The arm is used to spear through, intercept, and redirect an opponent's attacks. A more piercing interception will cut into the opponent's center of gravity, enabling the Choy Lay Fut practitioner to uproot the opponent

Gwa - Downward Backfist
A powerful swinging technique frequently used in combination with other elements to strike heavily into the opponent. When used as a "destruction" (incapacitating the opponent's striking limb during its attack), the force of the blow will often leave the opponent off balanced and open for a follow-up strike.

Sau - Inward Sweeping Punch
A powerful signature strike of the Choy Lay Fut method, the sau chue frequently becomes a finishing blow when accurately used. The structure of this strike is designed to both impact and rake into the surface the intended target.

Chop - Fore-Knuckle Strike
Often used in a fashion similar to a jab in western boxing, the chop chue is frequently used to force open different gates (targets) on the opponent to be struck by follow-up techniques. .

Pow - Upward Power Shot
A pow chue derives its power from the momentum of a circular upward swing. This strike is frequently executed in a continuous fashion toward an opponent's center, driving them off balance and forcing a backward retreat.

Kup - Sweeping Fist Slap
A kup chue is executed similarly to the sau chue except taking a slightly more horizontal path. The striking surface of this element are the inside fore-knuckles of the fist, and when executed, this technique resembles a "slap" from a closed fist. The structure of this strike is designed to smash and rake into the flesh of the opponent.

Biu - Outward Shooting Forearm Strike
Using both the inner forearm and the fist as the striking surface, this element is frequently used as a follow-up to other elements and strikes. This attack takes the striking surfaces of the inner forearm and fist in a swinging outward motion toward the intended target.

Ding - Elbow Strike
Though this element is technically a thrusting elbow strike, any attack utilizing the major joints of the human body can be categorized as a ding (i.e. a knee strike, a shoulder butt, etc.). The angle and path of this element can vary. By design, this element is executed only with a compacted structure.

Jong - Uppercut
While a pow chue gains its power from the momentum of a circular upward swing, the jong derives its power from a direct upward thrusting motion perpendicular from the ground. This element is often executed while fist is directly below the intended target.
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