Apr 7, 2010

Xingyi Combat Applications

When the term Chinese internal martial arts is mentioned, it is usually associated with Taijiquan, Baguazhang and Xingyiquan. In the past few posts, we have showcased the combat applications of Baguazhang and Taijiquan (with a Liuhebafa intermission). To complete the triumvirate, ShrFu Mike Patterson demonstrates in this double clip the combat applications of Xingyiquan; the first clip shows Xingyi Chin Na, the second clip (see next post) introduces Xingyi avian techniques: Rooster, Pheonix and Swallow. We will be covering the Xingyiquan's five elements in another post, in the meantime, here's a neat description of Xingyiquan's core combat principles from Wikipedia:
Xingyiquan features aggressive shocking attacks and direct footwork. The linear nature of Xingyiquan hints at both the military origins and the influence of spear technique alluded to in its mythology. Despite its hard, angular appearance, cultivating "soft" internal strength or qi is essential to achieving power in Xingyiquan. 
The goal of the xingyiquan exponent is to reach the opponent quickly and drive powerfully through them in a single burst — the analogy with spear fighting is useful here. This is achieved by coordinating one's body as a single unit and the intense focusing of one's qi.
Efficiency and economy of movement are the qualities of a xingyiquan stylist and its direct fighting philosophy advocates simultaneous attack and defence. There are few kicks except for extremely low foot kicks (which avoids the hazards of balance involved with higher kicks) and some mid-level kicks, and techniques are prized for their deadliness rather than aesthetic value.
Xingyiquan favours a high stance called Santishi, literally "three bodies power," referring to how the stance holds the head, torso and feet along the same vertical plane. A common saying of Xingyiquan is that "the hands do not leave the heart and the elbows do not leave the ribs."
Related Posts: Taijiquan vs XingyiquanBagua Combat ApplicationLiuhebafa Combat ApplicationChen Taiji Combat Application

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